How Difficult Is Screen Printing?
I Need Someone To Explain The Difficulty Of Screen Printing In The 1960'S. Im Writing A Report On Andy Warhol's Turquoise Marilyn And Need To Know If This Is Something That Took Alot Of Time Or Was Not.

A screen is made of a piece of porous, finely woven fabric called mesh stretched over a frame of aluminum or wood. Originally human hair then silk was woven into screen mesh, currently most mesh is made of man made materials such as steel, nylon, and polyester. Areas of the screen are blocked off with a non-permeable material to form a stencil, which is a negative of the image to be printed; that is, the open spaces are where the ink will appear.
The screen is placed atop a substrate such as papyrus or fabric. Ink is placed on top of the screen, and a fill bar (also known as a floodbar) is used to fill the mesh openings with ink. The operator begins with the fill bar at the rear of the screen and behind a reservoir of ink. The operator lifts the screen to prevent contact with the substrate and then using a slight amount of downward force pulls the fill bar to the front of the screen. This effectively fills the mesh openings with ink and moves the ink reservoir to the front of the screen. The operator then uses a squeegee (rubber blade) to move the mesh down to the substrate and pushes the squeegee to the rear of the screen. The ink that is in the mesh opening is pumped or squeezed by capillary action to the substrate in a controlled and prescribed amount, i.e. the wet ink deposit is equal to the thickness of the mesh and or stencil. As the squeegee moves toward the rear of the screen the tension of the mesh pulls the mesh up away from the substrate (called snap-off) leaving the ink upon the substrate surface.
There are three types of screenprinting presses. The 'flat-bed' (probably the most widely used), 'cylinder', and 'rotary'.[10]
Textile items are printed in multi-color designs using a wet on wet technique, while graphic items are allowed to dry between colors that are then printed with another screen and often in a different color.
The screen can be re-used after cleaning. However if the design is no longer needed, then the screen can be "reclaimed", that is cleared of all emulsion and used again. The reclaiming process involves removing the ink from the screen then spraying on stencil remover to remove all emulsion. Stencil removers come in the form of liquids, gels, or powders. The powdered types have to be mixed with water before use, and so can be considered to belong to the liquid category. After applying the stencil remover the emulsion must be washed out using a pressure washer.
Most screens are ready for recoating at this stage, but sometimes screens will have to undergo a further step in the reclaiming process called dehazing. This additional step removes haze or "ghost images" left behind in the screen once the emulsion has been removed. Ghost images tend to faintly outline the open areas of previous stencils, hence the name. They are the result of ink residue trapped in the mesh, often in the knuckles of the mesh, those points where threads overlap. [15]
While the public thinks of garments in conjunction with screenprinting, the technique is used on tens of thousands of items, decals, clock and watch faces, and many more products. The technique has even been adapted for more advanced uses, such as laying down conductors and resistors in multi-layer circuits using thin ceramic layers as the substrate

Does Anyone Know What The Name Is Or How To Do The Technique, Of Screening Paintings, Andy Warhol Does? ?

Silk Screening 101, Help! How To Do It?
I Watched From Youtube A Vid That Teaches How To Silk Screen An Image To A Shirt, It Looked Simple Though It Required Me To Have A Lightbox And A Spread Of Photo Emulsion To The Silk Surface And I Thought....I Need Something Simpler. Then I Read From A Magazine To Use Parchment Paper For The Stencil Of The Image, Did That...But Was Still A No No Coz In My Observation The Paper Sort Of Have This Habit Of Curling In Which Made It Difficult To Flatten On The Screen. Then I Thought I'D Use An Acetate Film....But Then Problem With This....Its Rather Difficult To Make The Stenciling. I'D Always Have Several Band-Aids On My Fingers....I Get &Quot;Acetate Cut&Quot; All The Time. Can Anyone Teach Me A Much Simpler But Effective Way To Do This? And One More, How Do You Use Acrylic Paint? I'M More Of An Oil Painter And Have Never Really Used And Water Based Paint Except When I Had To Apply A Primer On The Canvas. Hope You Can Help Me! Thanks!

You need to take a screen printing class. Look around at craft stores.

I Have A Few Questions About Silk Screening T-Shirts?
Here They Are : 1. Can You Use A Window Screen That Can Be Purchased At A Hard Ware Store? Or Is It A Different Type , And Where Can I Find It? 2.Is A Transparency (Or Vellum) Bascially What School Teachers Use On Overheads And Projectors( And Can Be Purchased At Staples)? If Not , What Is It? 3.When You Burn Artwork Onto A Screen , What Does That Mean , And How Does It Work? 4.Emulsion , Where Can I Find It? I Dont Like Buyin Things Online , So Could You Tell Me Stores I Could Buy It From? I Know Its Sorta Alot To Ask , But If You Could Helpthat Would Be Great!! šŸ™‚

1. No. You can not use window screen. You use silk or a polyester fabric that you stretch over a frame for this purpose. There are frames used specifically for this purpose that have a groove for inserting the fabric with a gasket and tool for this.

2. Any clear film can be used, including plastic used for overhead transparencies in school. I used to create my artwork on the computer and then print it on the acetate sheets. It worked rather well.

3/4. You coat the silk with the emulsion in a low light area and let it dry in the dark. Then you place the transparency, with the image in black over the dried emulsion. Expose it to light and the emulsion will "set" into the areas that are not covered by black in the transparency. Basically, it works the same way photographic film works. When exposed to the light, the emulsion hardens.

5. When the emulsion is "set" you rinse the screen and the emulsion will wash away from the parts where the transparency was black. Any pin holes or spots where the emulsion didn't set properly can be touched up with a liquid called resist. It's just another little thing that people who do this a lot use. It saves you a lot of extra work.

6. Then, when it is dry, you put your ink or paint on the top of the screen and pull it down over the paper, shirt, poster, whatever, with a rubber squeege. The ink will pass through the open areas and onto whatever you are printing. You should do several test prints before putting the design on shirts.

If you need more info, you can contact me. I actually paid a big part of my tuition in college by printing t-shirts for clubs and events on campus.

I bought most of my supplies through Pearl Paint or Friedman's in NYC. However, almost any good art supply store has the materials. Places like Michael's and A.C. Moore's should have what you need.

You might want to buy a kit to practice first. Then you can buy refill supplies and add-ons as you master the process.

Hope this at least gives you somewhere to begin. Good luck.

Baby Sweater???????????????
I Want To Knit My First Baby Sweater, But I Can'T Find An Easy Pattern. I Can Do Any Stitch Combanation And Am Good At Decreasing, Increaseing Etc., But I Can'T Cable. I Would Really Appreciate It If You Could Give Me A Link Or Two To Websites That Have Free Patterns, Or Recommend Me To A Book Or Store That Sells Quick And Easy Baby Sweater Patterns That I Can Knit. ~Thanks

First I want to say that I am proud of you. I love to see young people learning a craft that will reward them all their lives. Here is a website with a free pattern that I like a lot.


Just click on the words "knitted baby sweater" highlighted below the picture. This pattern is free, attractive, and not too hard to make. Cotton yarn is suggested, but you can use any yarn with the right gauge.

Cotton yarn is cheap and easy to get if you recycle old cotton/ramie sweaters that you buy in thrift stores. You just pick them apart and unravel the yarn. First wash the sweater, then pick out the seams, and then unravel each piece. It is just like knitting, only backwards. I have had excellent good luck with recycled cotton ramie. Make sure that you wash the thrift store item before you recycle it. You don't want to handle old dirty clothes. You can recycle a lot of sweaters this way, cotton or other materials. Look online for free tutorials on yarn recycling, or ask another question and people will tell you about it.

I disagree with the previous answer that books and libraries are useless. It is possible to find good patterns in books, and I have found great patterns that way. Simple Knits for Cherished Babies, a book by Ericka Knight, is full of excellent easy to knit baby patterns. It is possible that you could find this book in a library, or you can buy it.

Also the Elizabeth Zimmerman books have some excellent standard baby patterns. Elizabeth Zimmerman's patterns can be challenging to follow, but I bet you can do it. If you have trouble, you can go to your local knitting store and ask for help, or ask someone in your family who knits well to help you. You just do exactly as she says, even if you don't see where she is going with that. The pattern called "Baby Surprise" sweater is great, and you can see it all over the internet. The sweater is all over, but you have to buy the pattern or find it in your library. Her books are often available in libraries for free. Ms. Zimmerman's patterns may not be what you need right now, but you do want to see them. They are interesting because of her cool and innovative techniques, and they will make you a better knitter.

I Need A Cheap Online Screen Printing Company For Tshirts?
I Am Looking For A Company Who Can Handle Multiple Orders Of Tshirts,Sweatshirts,Hoodies And Polos Who Offer Cheap Screen Printing For Companies. We Resell Our Design In Our Store So There Needs To Be Room For Mark Ups. We Have Used Companies Before That Use Direct To Garment Printers And Have Had Customer Complaints Cause The Images Wash Out Real Fast. The Designs Need To Go On A Multitude Of Garments So We Cannot Pay For Extra Screens For The Individual Garments. I Have Been Trying To Order On A Few Sites And Every Time We Cannot Order Different Items Without Going Back To Paying More For Them Cause It Seems Like The View Them As Separate Orders. We Have Our Own Artwork So We Do Not Neccescarily Need A Design Studio As It Seems That Is The Selling Point For Many Of These Company'S. We Order Our Prints In Single Colors To Keep The Cost Down And Have Our Own Art Work On File. If Someone Could Recommend A Really Good Cheap Screen Printer It Would Be Very Helpful..Thanks..

Screen Printing companies online have different ways for charging and ordering. Look for a company who has all inclusive pricing with free set up,screens, and shipping. The key is to find a company who offers bulk screen printing cheap and includes the kids and adults shirts as the same order. Alot of company's will make the kids shirts a separate set up from the adults and that will bump up the price of your order. You also need to be able to add all of your items in the shopping cart and then get your discount rate for ordering large amounts and different designs.
We have had great success with a company from Massachusetts called
http://www.cheaptees.org . They allow you to use different designs and different shirt styles and put them together in the cart. This way you get a large discount for combining all of your screen printing. They also do real screen printing. We first found this screen printing company after we had some real bad experiences with companies who offer direct to garment printing. Although the other companies allowed us to mix everything up they still turned out to be more expensive in the end. This is what you need to look out for. Although these companies say free set ups and other things they really never give a large discount for big orders.
We found the quality of cheaptees to be expellant and we still have shirts that we purchased several years ago that look good. We found real screen printing holds up much better cause the inks won't crack,peel or fade like other methods. I purchase for our school and our kids soccer team so I got alot of experience with this sort of thing.
When looking for cheap silk screen companies you also need to ask if they print the dark colors once or twice. We found that alot of companies charge for what they call a flash if you want the to print the dark shirts with two coats of ink. The company I mentioned above,Cheaptees Screen Printing does not charge for coating the shirts twice and we have loved how the shirts come out when they print on the darker colored shirts.
You can also upload your artwork on their design tool and then see what it looks like before ordering. They have a real cool section called single color screen printing where if you have your own designs you can upload them and although you cannot preview them right away you save a ton of money on that part of their site. The shirt styles on this section are limited but they are all the best styles you can find anywhere. The good thing with this section is you can order a single style and you are able to order from kids small all the way though adults larger sizes all on the same order. They do not charge extra for the screens so if you need kids sizes just make sure you tell them you would like different screens for the adult as well as kids. This way your prints will look proportional according to the sizes. If your order is large enough they will not charge for the kid screens. I believe if you order over 100 shirts they will not charge for the extra screens for kids.
Cheaptees also will send you a proof of what your shirts look like before they print the order. They send the exact shirt as a mock up with your ink colors on the shirt. We have had some issues with the colors but it really has turned out to be our monitor and not their fault. So just be sure of your ink colors before hand and you should not have any issues there.
Another thing they do really good is really fast shipping on their shirts. We are in California so it takes about 5 days on UPS from them but if you are on the east coast you can probably get your order in about a week or less. They offer a shirt called Port & Company and that shirt is the best we have ever received from any company. It is much better than the Gildan which is about the same money even a bit less than the Gildan. You will only find that shirt on the single color section so if you need more than one color printed,which we do, just give them a call and they take our orders over the phone.
You can order from them at http://www.cheaptees.org

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